In accordance with the U.A.E Federal Law No. 8 of 1980
Each and each employee must remember of his/her exact working hours and this awareness shall be in accordance with the provisions of the law governs the employee`s, knowing the legal will help the worker to be more productive because the employee are going to be working during a suitable environment which will support him/her to be more successful which will increase his eagerness to figure because the employee are going to be having his / her full rights.
Some employers are taking advantages of the workers who aren’t fully conscious of the law by adding extra hours to their original without paying them an overtime and… etc. our mission here is to assist the workers to know their rights.
We will present some questions which will help the worker to know everything related.
Q No. (1) what’s the utmost daily working hours?
The maximum daily is eight hours and 48 hours per week in some circumstances it are often 9 hours. The change are often made by the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, As states in Article 65: “The maximum normal for adult workers shall be eight hours within the day, 48 hours within the week. they’ll be increased to nine hours each day in commercial establishments, hotels, cafeterias, security services and such other businesses as could also be added by resolution of the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs. The daily working hours could also be reduced by resolution of the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, within the case of arduous or health-hazardous work. Two during the month of Ramadan shall reduce the traditional working hours. The periods spent by a worker in traveling between his home and place of labor shall not be included in his working hours”.
Q No. (2): what’s the regulations of the working hours?
The employee shall not work for quite five successive hours, there should be an opportunity for rest, praying which break shall not exceed one hour. However there’s an exception mentioned within the Article No. 66 for the night shift employees which states that: ” The daily working hours shall be so regulated that no worker shall work for quite five successive hours without breaks – for rest, meals and prayer- amounting in aggregate to not but one hour. Such breaks shall not be included as a part of the working hours
However, in factories and workshops where work is organised within the sort of successive day and night shifts, and in processes where work has got to continue uninterrupted for technical and economic reasons, the way during which breaks for rest, meals and prayer are to be granted shall be laid out in a resolution by the Minister”
Q No. (3) Can the daily working hours be amended?
Yes the working hours are often amended as per the work needs and therefore the extra hours shall be treated as “overtime” and it’ll be paid by the employer to the workers in accordance with the share mentioned within the Article No. 67 which states: “Where the work circumstances require a worker to figure quite the traditional number of hours, any period worked in excess shall be treated as overtime, that the worker shall receive the wage stipulated for his normal working hours, plus a supplement of a minimum of 25 per cent of that wage”.
Q No. (4) what’s the overtime and does it make a difference if it had been at day or night?
The Overtime is that the extra hours that the worker spends at the establishment of his work after exceeding his daily working hours.
If the worker stayed after his working hours between 9:00 P:M to 4:00 A.M. he shall be entitled to percentage mentioned in Article No. 68 which states: “Where the work circumstances require a worker to figure overtime between 9 p.m. and 4 a.m. he shall be entitled in respect of such overtime to the wage stipulated for his normal working hours, plus a supplement of a minimum of 50 per cent of that wage”.
Q No. (5) what’s the utmost hours of the overtime?
The overtime shall not exceed two hours. However, if the work needs are urgently require quite two hours it are often acceptable. As states in Article No. 69: “The number of hours of actual overtime shall not exceed two each day , unless such work is important for preventing a considerable loss or a significant accident, or eliminating or alleviating the impact of the latter”.
Q No. (6) when is that the weekly rest day?
The weekly day of rest is Friday as states in Article No. 70: “Friday shall be the traditional weekly day of rest for all workers except the daily-paid. Where a worker has got to be placed on duty thereon day, he shall be compensated with a substitute day of rest or be paid his basic wage for his normal hours of labor plus a supplement of a minimum of 50 per cent of that wage”
Q No. (7) is that the normal employee is required to figure without having the weekly rest day?
Only the daily- paid employee shall be required to figure for quite two successive Fridays as states in Article No. 71: “No worker aside from a daily-paid shall be required to figure quite two successive Fridays”
Q No. (8) are these provisions abdicable to all or any the workers categories?
There are exceptions to the aforementioned provisions as states in Article No. 72:” The provisions of this Section shall not apply to the subsequent categories: 1. Persons holding senior executive managerial or supervisory positions, if such positions confer upon the incumbents the powers of an employer over workers. The categories in question shall be specified by resolution of the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs.
- Crew of marine vessels and seamen who serve under special conditions of service on account of the character of their work, with the exception of port workers engaged in stevedoring and related operations”.
Q No. (9) should the workers working hours to be announced to everyone?
Yes, because the employer should announce the daily working hours for all the working categories also because the weekly day of rest to be known to everyone through the way stipulated by the law as states in Article No. 73:”The employer shall post up at the most entrances employed by the workers, and during a conspicuous position at the workplace, a timetable showing the weekly time off , hours of labor and rest periods applicable to all or any classes of workers. a replica of this timetable shall be filed with the competent labour department.
Where the work place isn’t observing the statutory weekly time off , the employer shall post up at the places mentioned within the preceding paragraph a timetable showing the weekly day of rest for every class of workers “